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Standards and Judging

Standards and Judging

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INTRODUCTION

This article is intended to help exhibitors and breeders understand the standards for the three Serama types and the two kinds of exhibition available for Serama.

 

 

JUDGING THE SERAMA

There are currently two types of competitions in which the Serama can be judged. These are “in-cage judging” and “table-top judging”.

  

In-cage Judging

In-cage judging is the traditional judging style in American Poultry Association (APA) and American Bantam Association (ABA) shows.This type of exhibition involves exhibitors placing their birds in assigned cages. The judge then approaches each cage and examines each bird to evaluate its type as per the standard for the breed. The judge does pick up the bird n this examination. In this type of competition the judge is ONLY looking at the physical attributes of the bird. Character and personality are not considered in this evaluation.

  

ABA/APA requires type, weight and color standards for every breed being exhibited in order to receive APA/ABA points at their sponsored events. The Serama Council of North America (SCNA) was the driving force of the American Serama standard toward APA/ABA acceptance since the original Serama importation in 2001. When the SCNA delivered the American Serama Standard for APA/ABA approval and acceptance, the ownership of the American Serama Standard written by the members of SCNA was awarded to those entities.

  

The American Serama is judged in in-cage exhibition. In some small shows other colors of the Serama may compete as “AOV” (All Other Variety) in the in-cage judging.

  

  

Table-top Judging

Table-top judging is an exhibition style that comes to us from Malaysia where the Serama originates. This is the traditional competition used to evaluate Serama for generations in Malaysia. Table-top judging is unlike any other poultry exhibition style conducted in North America today.

  

The Traditional Serama and Ayam Serama are judged in table-top exhibition. In some small shows the Traditional and Ayam Seramas may compete as “AOV” (All Other Variety) in the in-cage judging.

  

This exhibition style involves the exhibitor placing the Serama on a designated exhibition table. There are a minimum of three (depending on the size of the show) Tiers in this type of exhibition.

  

Tier I:

The exhibitor has a brief period to pose the bird in a way that presents its best characteristics. The judge then evaluates the bird based on multiple criteria. Seventy five percent (75%) of the score for the bird is based on type, according to the standard (as with in-cage judging). However, 25% of the score is based on the bird’s Character and Personality; two characteristics that set the Serama apart in the poultry world.

  

Tier II:

The highest scoring birds entered in a particular class (e.g., smooth feathered hens in Open division) are allowed to come back to the exhibition table to compete for the Champion and Reserve Champion placings for the class. While type is a component in the outcome (since only the high scorers from Tier I make it to Tier II), this level of competition is based solely on the bird’s Character and Performance. If the bird is well behaved (stays on the table, doesn’t attempt to fight, doesn’t attack the judge, etc.) it will do well in terms of Character. If the bird actively scratches, crows/clucks, flaps wings, and struts about, it will do well in terms of Performance. No matter how perfect the type, a bird that sits still and quiet will not place as well at this level as a bird that actively demonstrates the Serama personality.

  

Tier III:

The class champions for each class in the division (Open, Youth) are placed on exhibition tables to compete for the division Champion placing. As with Tier II, the level of is judged exclusively on Character and Performance.

 

Serama Table Top Judging Procedures (2014.0)

General and First Round Judging:

  1. Prior to  being judged, the Serama can be kept in a Special Show Coops or in personal carriers.
  2. The judging area will be delimited with a rope or colored tape and will be a minimum distance of 5Feet (or1.5Meters) between the show attendees and the judging tables for creating a boundary which all should respect.
  3. Cheering, noise making, and waving from the attendees during judging is allowed and encouraged. No objects can be thrown at the tables.

The Judge(s) can restrict certain behavior of the Attendees and Exhibitors if it negatively impacts the judging process.

  1. The Judge must have an electronic or mechanical timer set for 80 seconds during general first round judging. The timer will be started by the Judge or the Clerk when the exhibitor sets the Serama on the table. After posing the bird on the table the Handler should immediately step outside of the judging perimeter.
  2. The Judge will score the Serama using his/her best knowledge and experience BY VISUAL APPEARANCE using the scorecard during the 80 seconds of the first roundof judging. NO TOUCHING of the Serama is allowed by the Judge or anyone else duringthe judging time. If a fly-awayor table-jump is experienced, the Handler should correct the Serama position and retreat outside the judging perimeter.

 

  1. The Judge will only consider the observations during the 80 seconds and will not consider any other information or prior experience he/she may have knowledge of with that particular Serama.
  2. At the end of the 80 seconds, the scorecard will be handed to the Exhibitor or Handler, who will remove the Serama from the table and deliver the scorecard to the Tabulator for the recording of the score.
  3. In the case of multiple Judges at an event during general first round judging, the show management can decide between two methods. Both methods have advantages, based on the number of entries in each class.
    1. Allow multiple Judges to score the same Serama on the same table. Additional scorecards should be supplied for separate scoring. In this case, Judges SHOULD NOTdiscuss their scoring during these 80 seconds. The two scorecards should then be averaged by the show Clerk or Tabulator.
       
    2. Request each Judge score an entire category separately, where the categories will not be split across multiple Judges.
       
  4. In all methods, the Judge is encouraged to communicate with, and explain to the Clerk during the scoring process how the points were derived. This is designed to help with the training and form the “critical eye” of the clerk if they are in the process of becoming a Licensed Judge.
     

Tier II andFinal Judging:

  1. Show Management should determine the tiers based upon the number of entries. All shows will require a minimum of two tiers to determine champions of each category and then a best of show champion.There can be more than two tiers in cases where number of entries would suggest further granularity in tiers. This is at show management’s discretion.
     
  2. To prepare for tier judging, tables should be arranged at a distance ofat least 10 inches (or25 centimeters) between each table. Each of these tables will have a visible tag with a number (1,2,3,4,5,etc.)
     
  3. Each Serama will be placed on a SEPARATE TABLE, where 3 to 5 tables are needed. In the case of not enough tables, the tier can be conducted througha process of elimination. The show management is encouraged to have posted a visible erasable board or white sheets of paper on which to write (with a visible marker) the cage numbers/or legband numbers of the birds needed to be present at the judging area for the next tier.
     
  4. The clerk will make entries to the Tier Placement Cards with the legband #, table #, and distribute them to the Judge(s). All the Serama in the tier will be set on the separate tables (assigned by the show clerk) at the same time. A timer is then started for the 90-second period for judging. The Judge(s) will have 90 seconds to observe and choose the placement of the birds on the “tier form” previously distributed. In case of multiple Judges, they SHOULD NOT communicate with each other during these 90 seconds.
     
  5. Judges will consider in their placements only the CHARACTER AND PERFORMANCE of the Serama during those 90 seconds, no other previous information or performance will be considered nor the physical appearance (as type, length of the legs) etc.
    1. If multiple Judges are observing the tier, then the show clerk orTabulator will calculate the average between the placements. The lowest points will be the highest in placement.
       
      • After the average has been calculated,if two or more birds have the same number of points, then the clerk will request the scorecard from the first round of judging and will start to compare line by line from the top to bottom until the highest score is found. The bird that has a higher score in one category on the scorecard will be considered the winner.


 
 

VARIATIONS OF THE SERAMA (for exhibition)

Three variations of the Serama are recognized by the Serama Council of North America (SCNA). These include: American Serama, Traditional Serama, and Ayam Serama. Each of these types of Serama can be judged in competition. The type of completion they can enter depends on the type of Serama and the goals of the exhibitor.

  

American Serama

The American Serama are those recognized by the American Bantam Association (ABA). Only APA/ABA recognized colors of the Serama can compete in in-cage judging and receive APA/ABA points. In some small shows other colors of the Serama may compete as “AOV” (All Other Variety) in the in-cage judging. These other colors (not yet recognized by APA/ABA) are also referred to as the Traditional Serama.

American Serama Standard (click red text to see American Serama standard)

  

Traditional Serama

The Traditional Serama is one that is not recognized by the APA/ABA. Exhibition of the Traditional Serama excludes all color and minimum weight restrictions, with an increased focus on judging Character and Performance. Recognition of this variety is intended to preserve the characteristics that make a Serama a Serama. This includes the amazing palette of naturally occurring colors and markings found in the Serama. The Traditional Serama is bred to excel in table-top competition, but may enter as “AOV” in an in-cage judging competition.

Traditional Serama Standard (click red text to see Traditional Serama standard) 

  

Ayam (Malaysian) Serama

The Ayam or Malay(sian) Serama is one that exhibits the extreme physical characteristics so highly sought after and richly rewarded in Malaysia. This is a variety of Serama that combines the type and personality that exemplify the Serama in Malaysia. The Ayam Serama can compete in the in-cage style exhibition if its color and weight characteristics comply with the APA/ABA standard. If it does not comply with the APA/ABA standard it can still be judged in-cage as “AOV”. However, this variety of Serama is so important that it necessitated a class of its own in table-top competition, and it is in this type of competition where the true Ayam Serama really shines.

Ayam Serama Standard (click red text to see Ayam Serama standard)

  

Additionally:

Please check out our list of Color Standards.

 
Monday the 15th. The Definitive Voice of the Serama in North America
Copyright 2012

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By SCNA